The world is witnessing a rapid adoption of hemp products. This blog will act as your ultimate hemp guide and its usage in the US. Let’s get started.
What Is Hemp?
Hemp is a variety of the cannabis Sativa plant. Hemp is frequently associated with marijuana, another strain of the same species. While they are botanically the same plant species, they are genetically distinct strains of cannabis. The two are distinguished by their chemical composition, use, and the way they are cultivated. Hemp is grown for various products, such as supplements, personal and Skincare products, paper, fabrics, and a variety of other manufactured and industrial goods.
Chemical Composition Of Hemp
Hemp does not have the psychoactive element that can make you high. It is non-high cannabis. Around 40-60% of the hemp plant consists of CBD. Hemp also contains a plethora of nutrients that are good for you. Some nutrients include carbohydrates, protein, phosphorous, potassium, zinc, calcium, iron, and vitamins such as B1/B2/B3/B6, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E. It also has fatty acids.
Appearance Of Hemp and Ultimate Hemp Guide
Hemp is an upright, sturdy, aromatic annual herb. It has hollow stalks that are slender and cane-like except at the tip and base. Hemp flowers are small and greenish-yellow, and the leaves are palmate in shape. Hemp seeds are produced by blooms like spikes, which are usually female plants. On male plants, pollen-producing blooms grow in multi-branched clusters.
Cultivation Practices Of Hemp
In general, the hemp cultivation technique differs significantly from that of marijuana. The primary goal of marijuana growing is to encourage the full development of psychotropic plant kinds’ flowering tops and leaves. It is critical that these have high THC levels. Hemp growing procedures, on the other hand, differ depending on their intended purpose. Hemp is grown primarily for the industrial production of items derived from fiber, seeds, and flowers.
Hemp For Fiber
In the case of fiber, the stalk (bast fibers and hurd or core fibers) is the desired plant material. The plants are spaced closely together to prevent branching and flowering. Typically, 30-50 plants are produced per square foot for fibers.
Hemp plants with small stems and less leafy content are tall. Their harvesting height is between 10 and 15 feet. They’re also usually harvested with hay equipment. They’re mowed first, then retted for a few weeks before being rolled into balls.
In these conditions, plants produce 1-5.5 tonnes of dry matter per acre. Decortication is a crucial post-production procedure that separates the bast from the soft fiber. Paper, composites, insulation, and textiles all employ bast fiber.
Hemp For Seed Or Grains
The dried plant material is preferred for grains and seeds because it contains more oil and protein. The plants are spaced closely together to prevent branching and flowering. Typically, 30-50 plants are developed in one square foot for seeds.
Small stalks and less green content characterize these hemp plants. Their harvest height ranges from 6 to 9 feet. To avoid seed spread, it’s critical to harvest them within a limited window.
Plants cultivated under these conditions can produce up to 0.8 tonnes of dry matter per acre. Dehulling and pressing dry seeds or grains is an important post-production procedure. These are commonly found in culinary and personal care items.
Hemp For Flower
The floral substance and buds are the ideal plant materials in the case of flowers. The plants are spaced sufficiently apart to allow for branching and flowering. Plants are typically spaced 3-5 feet apart for blooms.
Hemp plants are bushy and have a lot of branches. Their harvest height ranges from 4 to 8 feet. Their harvesting requires a lot of effort. The plants must be dried to a moisture content of 10%, and the degradation of the plant material must be closely monitored.
In these settings, one plant yields around one pound of dry material. This quantity, however, fluctuates. These are used in nutraceuticals and wellness products to extract CBD and other cannabinoids. Extraction methods used in post-production include CO2 extraction, alcohol infusion, extraction with other chemical solvents, solvent-free extraction, and so on.
Uses Of Hemp
Hemp is a very adaptable plant that can be grown as a renewable supply of raw materials that can be used to make thousands of goods. Every portion of the hemp plant can be utilized for a variety of purposes. The hemp plant’s seeds and flowers are widely used in health foods, organic body care, and other nutraceutical items.
The seeds provide a comprehensive protein and vital mineral profile. Cereal, granola bars, lactose-free dairy products, and protein powder are all examples of healthful foods that contain them. Hemp seeds are also fed to livestock.
Cooking oil, a skincare supplement, and a component in hemp polymers and oil-based paints are all made from the seeds’ oil. Apparel, paper, construction materials, plastic composites, biofuel, etc. are made from the stem and fiber of hemp.
The bast fiber can be utilized to create hemp-based fabrics. These are also mixed with other fibers like cotton, silk, or flax to create woven fabrics for clothing and furniture.
History Of Hemp
Hemp is thought to be man’s earliest domesticated crop. It was one of the first fibers spun into cloth. This chapter traces the history of hemp from its discovery to its first applications to its classification as a Schedule 1 narcotic.
Origin And Early Uses
Hemp is thought to have originated in Central Asia, according to a study. Hemp farming for fiber was first documented in China circa 2800 BCE. In the early Christian era, it expanded to the Mediterranean regions of Europe, and then to the rest of Europe during the Middle Ages. Chile began planting hemp in 1500, and a decade later, North America joined in the hemp cultivation.
The earliest evidence of hemp use dates from 8,000 BC in Taiwan, where hemp strands were used as a primary material in ceramics. According to archaeological sources, evidence of hemp cloth was discovered in Mesopotamia around the same time.
Hemp seeds and oil were used as a food source in China at approximately 6,000 BC, while hemp textiles were discovered in the same region around 4,000 BC. Hemp was used as a weapon in China at about the same time.
The Middle Age
Moving forward to the Middle Ages, hemp became a valuable commercial and social crop. It met a large portion of the world’s food and fibre requirements. Hemp ropes were used in sailing ships because they were three times as strong as cotton and were saltwater resistant. Hemp was used in making 80% of the world’s clothing until the 1920s.
Popularity And Trade Organization
It was just a matter of time before the crop swept the globe, infiltrating every facet of existence. The Hemp Industries Association was founded in 1994 in Arizona by forty businesses. This faculty’s mission was to promote hemp and establish product standards, much as the trade associations that promote cotton, wool, and linen. With its usage in food, taxation, clothes, and other things, hemp eventually became the most adaptable crop.
Crisis For Hemp
Because of the propaganda developed by firms entrusted with the new petroleum-based synthetic textile industry, the major problem for hemp arose in the 1930s. They viewed the hemp sector as a threat, and the US government, swayed by these corporations, enacted prohibitive tax legislation and imposed an occupational excise tax on hemp sellers.
This occurred in September 1937, after which hemp manufacturing was outright prohibited. On August 1, 1938, the Canadian government followed the American government’s lead and restricted production under the Opium and Narcotics Act.
The rest of the globe soon followed suit. Hemp was eventually classified as a narcotic drug, and its cultivation, trading, and consumption were either forbidden or heavily regulated.
Hemp For Victory Campaign
The Hemp for Victory campaign is possibly one of the most significant movements in hemp’s history. During WWII, the hemp plant assisted the United States in defeating Japan. The hemp industry was given a second chance during World War II.
The Japanese invasion of the Philippines in 1942 cut off the United States’ main source of imported hemp. The governments of Canada and the United States relaxed the limitations and restrictions to fulfill the demands of the war. Several farmers were granted special permission to grow hemp throughout the conflict.
In the same year, the US Department of Agriculture issued a film called Hemp for Victory. According to the video, “patriotic farmers sowed 36,000 acres of hemp seed at the government’s urging, an increase of thousands of percent.” In 1943, the intention is to plant 50,000 acres of hemp seed.”
The film’s goal was to urge farmers to grow hemp for military purposes. It included a concise guide on how hemp is cultivated and processed into rope, textiles, cordage, and other items, as well as a brief history of hemp and hemp products.
Continuation Of The Curse
Although hemp contributed to the United States‘ victory in WWII, hemp cultivation was prohibited after the war. Because of its link to marijuana, it was doomed to become a narcotic.
Despite its financial success, it was unable to persuade the Controlled Substances Act to distinguish between hemp and marijuana. Industrial hemp was classified as a Schedule 1 substance, making its cultivation and use illegal.
Ecology Of Hemp
Ecology is a branch of study that investigates the interactions between organisms and their biophysical environment, which includes both biotic and abiotic elements. In this chapter, we’ll learn how hemp interacts with other components in its environment and examine the growing conditions for hemp.
Location And Topography
In the sense that it is an annual crop, industrial hemp is a unique plant. It is one of the fastest-growing plants, and pesticides are not required.
Ideal locations for a good hemp harvest are those that are farther from the equator and closer to the poles. It’s best to stay away from steep elevations of more than 400 meters above sea level. Hemp grows well on flat fields with good per-location, hot days, and cool nights. Hemp can be grown on as little as one hectare.
Industrial hemp is a versatile crop that thrives in a variety of soil conditions. The crop prefers a pH of 6 or above and sufficiently deep, well-aerated soil. This is in addition to the ability to retain moisture and nutrients.
Very rich black mollisols, brown steppe, and brown rendiza soils have a favorable water balance, strong water permeability, and high nutrient-accumulation potential.
Phosphorus, sulfur, and calcium levels should be moderate to high (more than 40 ppm), good (higher than 5,000 ppm), and not too high (less than 6,000 ppm), respectively. Hemp will likely respond negatively to pesticides in the soil. On previously damaged soils, however, it is possible to develop a reasonable yield of hemp over time. Hemp contributes to soil health in this way.
Hemp produced on soil with high levels of Cadmium should not be consumed. A well-irrigated region is beneficial since it allows the plant to obtain water while also preventing drowning.
The roots will grow to a depth of 15 to 30 cm in an ideal growing environment, such as the one described above.
Nitrogen is the most critical nutrient for hemp. Hemp is a necrophilic crop that requires a constant supply of easily available nitrogen during its vegetative phase. The first 6 to 8 weeks are the most demanding for nitrogen intake. However, an excessive amount of nitrogen might degrade the quality and quantity of fiber.
Potassium and phosphorus are the next two essential elements of hemp. They are required for fiber cell elasticity and tensile strength, as well as fiber quality. The intake of these nutrients is high during the flowering and seed production processes.
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Hemp necessitates a lot of water. Temperate climates with distinct hot summers and chilly winters are ideal for hemp cultivation.
The ideal temperature range for hemp growth is 19°C to 25°C. Hemp is relatively resistant to frost and can endure temperatures as low as -5°C. The plant’s seeds germinate at temperatures ranging from 1 to 3 degrees Celsius. Hemp requires a lot of heat to mature, especially in the early forms.
Industrial hemp thrives in a moderate area with a humid atmosphere and at least 25-30 inches of rain each year. Because rainfall is unpredictable, it’s best to take advantage of early soil moisture. Only if the plant is dry in the first few weeks does further irrigation become necessary. Flooding the young crop is best avoided. Hemp harvests are often improved by ensuring appropriate irrigation.
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Seeds And Breeding
Fresh, bright, clean, and plump glossy seeds are ideal for maximum hemp growth. Test for fertility if the seeds are older than two years.
Density Of Seeds
Industrial hemp’s growth is determined by seed density. Because of the high-speed density, the plant has little room to branch out, resulting in thin, long stems. This climate is good for hemp fiber production. The recommended sowing rate is 250 to 400 viable seeds per square meter, depending on the soil type, soil fertility, and seed variety. Because of the low seed density, the plant can branch out to the sides, each branch bearing more seeds. This climate is good for cultivating hemp for seed production. The recommended sowing rate is 175 to 185 viable seeds per square meter, depending on soil type, soil fertility, and seed variety.
The optimal time to sow hemp is determined by weather and climate conditions. If the appropriate soil conditions are present, hemp can be seeded two weeks prior to maize, taking into account plant rotation. At the same time, it is critical to wait until soil temperatures have reached a minimum of 6°C to 8°C before seeding. Seeding should be done as soon as feasible when growing hemp for fiber, however, seeding should be done later when growing hemp for grain to reduce stalk height.
The optimal period to sow hemp in the Northern Hemisphere is between March and May. It is between September and November in the Southern Hemisphere.
Regular spacing helps to maintain crop uniformity. 2 to 5 cm is the optimal seed depth for heavy soils; deeper for light soils. Cultivators spread hemp seeds with grain drills or other traditional seeding equipment.
After harvesting, green or damp seeds must be dried quickly (preferably within 24 hours). The optimal moisture level for storage is between 9% and 10%. This aids in the preservation of viability.
Breeding is divided into three categories:
- Male and female flowers emerge on the same plant in monoecious types.
- Male and female flowers bloom separately in dioecious types.
- Female dominant variations are created when monoecious female plants pollinate dioecious female plants.
Hemp plants, on the whole, are dioecious.
Industrial hemp is usually divided into two types based on its intended use:
- Long stalks and limited branching characterize fiber cultivars.
- Seed and grain varieties with shorter stalks, larger seed heads, and many branches.
Hemp is one of the few plants that may grow for years on end on the same piece of ground. Rotation with other crops, on the other hand, invariably improves production quality. Hemp is adaptable, responding well to a variety of previous crops.
Legumes, clovers, and lupins are the ideal pre-crops for hemp because they increase the nitrogen level and organic matter content of the soil.
Wind protection and water balance are improved by interplanting hemp with various tree types.
Hemp can boost subsequent crops. As a result, it is typically planted before winter crops. Weed reduction, soil loosening, and a good influence on soil tilth are all advantages.
Hemp germinates quickly when sown in well-drained, fertile soils close to the ideal temperature and moisture conditions. It grows to a height of 30 cm in 3 to 4 weeks after planting in this condition, offering 90% ground shade. Because light is excluded from the soil, this condition is optimal for suppressing weed development.
Hemp may restrict practically all weed growth, including twitch grass when grown quickly (with a final population of 200 to 250 plants per square metre).
Weed suppression, on the other hand, is not a permanent state. If alternative crops are sown, weeds may grow in the same field next year. Weed suppression is less effective when hemp is grown for grain. Because of the smaller plant population and more branching, more light penetrates the soil, helping weed seed development. Overall, industrial hemp is a low-maintenance crop that requires no weed control agents.
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Diseases And Pests
Hemp plants are susceptible to a variety of infections, including fungi, bacteria, nematodes, viruses, and other pathogens. Reduced fiber quality, stunted growth, and plant death are all common symptoms of these diseases.
Heliothis, Red-Shouldered Leaf Beetles, Lucerne Flea, and Green Veggie Bug are the most common pests in fibre hemp crops. These illnesses are common in clay soils and/or areas that receive a lot of water.
In cropping soils, nematodes, particularly root-knot nematodes, can be found in the root systems of hemp plants. This infection has the potential to significantly impair plant production.
Fungi are the most frequent pathogen in the Southern Hemisphere. Yellow leaf spot, hemp canker, grey mould, downy mildew, fusarium wilt, and fusarium stem canker are some of the more well-known ones.
Most viruses are normally inhibited by hemp’s THC content. Spider mites and hemp russet mites are two mites that can affect hemp plants. Birds can be a problem for hemp during the early stages of germination, especially for seed crops.
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Buying Hemp And CBD
You can check out Cibadol for hemp products. They have a wide range of tinctures that contain hemp oil. They also have a complete list of ingredients on the website. Some products you can try include:
Hemp has plenty of uses and we highly recommend you add hemp to your lifestyle and see the difference for yourself.
For more information, contact us!